There are approximately 370 million people that belong to the indigenous communities in the world and they make up 5% of the global population. While their survival has been constantly pressured by modernity and pressures of the emerging societies, they continue to thrive, occupying a quarter of the planet’s surface area, and most importantly, protecting 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity.
Their pure knowledge of their culture and innate talent in protecting nature make indigenous communities one of the most important sectors of a country. To be able to face the challenges of the modern world and at the same time, sustain and maintain the environment that they promised to protect, they are presented with one solution that will not only help them conserve their heritage but will also promote economic and cultural benefits in their home country.
In fact, researchers estimate that the immediate global value of culture and heritage-based tourism can reach over $1 billion. In regions from the Asia Pacific, tourism-driven from partnerships with the indigenous community has reached over $320 million. Employment generation is also another advantage of focusing on cultural and ethnic tourism, with over 50 million jobs and 75 million related employments (indirect benefits) in several APEC countries.
Travel industry experts and local government leaders have successfully presented the necessary guidelines to work with indigenous communities to create the foundations of sustainable tourism.
Their efforts include interacting with members of the indigenous communities and sharing knowledge and information to help safeguard their natural resources. It also involves reviewing already existing codes set by the indigenous groups and other concerned organizations.
In definition, a social insurance is a government-supported program that provides benefits and assistance to its citizens of a particular social standing. This means that a social insurance program has eligibility requirements that are defined by specific qualifications set by a bill or law.
A social insurance program’s source of funds may come from taxes or the premiums paid by—or in some instances, paid for—eligible participants but other sources of funding are also available. Since there are just select citizens who can benefit from social insurance, contributions are compulsory. However, beneficiaries do not view it as an obligation but a rewarding exchange, especially since these types of programs are often heavily subsidized.
One of the goals of a social insurance program is to prevent a population from falling to the heaviest burden of poverty and most importantly, to provide assistance during medical or financial emergencies. As a type of insurance, it is a device that offers compensation and comfort from the losses during such emergencies.
The most common form of compensation is in the form of healthcare assistance in which a network of healthcare professionals and institutions are accessible to eligible individuals, depending on the type of health care plan that they have availed. In return, the government makes sure that these health care providers are well compensated for their services.
In the United States, there are several social insurance programs that take care of qualified citizens. One example is the joint state and federal program, Medicaid, and another form social insurance service includes unemployment compensation. In Japan, a country known for its old population, has a special social insurance program for people between 40 to 65 years old, called, the Nursing Insurance.